There are a number of European standards detailing safety rules for various types of lift. They cover different aspects of lift construction and operation. The most important standards are summarized below. Liftinstituut will be happy to supply you with further information.

 

Published by CEN in July 2014:

EN 81-20 / EN 81-50: Electric and Hydraulic Lifts Standards

The standards EN 81-20 and 81-50 will replace EN 81-1 and EN 81-2 standards. While EN 81-20 formulates the safety and technical requirements for electric and hydraulic lifts, EN 81-50 describes calculation, testing and examinations of lift components. By this structure many redundancies of the text between the standards have been removed and it also makes it easier to find information within those standards. (Read more.)

 

 

EN81-1: Electric Lifts Standard

This standard focuses on electric lifts and provides detailed instructions for standardized installation and maintenance of lift safety equipment and electric safety devices, as well as guide rails, landing doors, car doors, balancing weight systems and locking device operation. It covers the relationship between a lift’s construction and its rated speed and load, and provides a detailed formula for calculating a lift’s bending stress, depending on its balancing weight, position of guide rails and distribution of rated load.


EN 81-2: Hydraulic Lifts

This standard focuses on hydraulic lifts and provides detailed instructions for standardized installation and maintenance of lift safety equipment, clamping devices and electric safety devices, as well as guide rails, landing doors, car doors, balancing weight systems and locking device operation. It covers the relationship between a lift’s construction and its rated speed and load, and provides a detailed formula for calculating a lift’s bending stress, depending on its balancing weight, position of guide rails, and distribution of rated load.

 

EN 81-21: Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts in existing buildings

This European Standard specifies the safety rules related to new passenger and goods/passenger lifts permanently installed in existing buildings where in some circumstances due to limitations enforced by building constraints, some requirements of EN 81-1 and EN 81-2 cannot be met (see also 4th sentence of Introduction). This European Standard addresses a number of these constraints and gives requirements for alternative solutions.


EN81-28: Remote Alarms for Passenger and Passenger and Goods lifts

This standard covers remote alarm systems in passenger and goods lifts. It addresses significant hazards, safety requirements, protective measures, information to be provided, tests, markings and notices to be posted.


EN81-70: Accessibility of Lifts for Persons including Persons with Disability

This standard covers accessibility of lifts for able-bodied and disabled people. It addresses significant hazards and barriers, safety requirements, protective measures and information for users.


EN81-72: Firefighters Lifts

This standard covers firefighters’ lifts. It addresses significant hazards, safety requirements, protective measures, significance of the landing door and access to facilities using the fire service access level.

 

EN81-73: Behaviour of Lifts in the Event of Fire

This standard covers the behaviour of lifts in the event of a fire. It addresses significant hazards, safety requirements, protective measures and information for users.

 

EN 81-77: Lifts subject to seismic conditions

This European Standard specifies the special provisions and safety rules for passenger and goods passenger lifts where these lifts are permanently installed in buildings that are in compliance with EN 1998-1 (Eurocode 8). This standard defines additional requirements to EN 81-1 and EN 81-2. It applies to new passenger lifts and goods passenger lifts. However, it may be used It does not apply to seismic lift category 0 as defined in Table A.1. This European Standard does not address other risks due to seismic events (for example fire, flood, explosion).as a basis to improve the safety of existing passenger and goods passenger lifts.